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General Wellness

Weight Management

Weight management, specifically weight loss, refers to the process of reducing body weight through a combination of diet and exercise. It can be beneficial for overall health, especially for individuals who are have a high BMI.

The most effective way to lose weight is to create a calorie deficit by consuming fewer calories than you burn. This can be achieved through a combination of a healthy diet and regular physical activity.

Some tips for safe and effective weight loss include:

  1. Eat a healthy, balanced diet: Consume a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
  2. Reduce calorie intake: Reduce calorie intake by limiting portion sizes and avoiding high-calorie, high-fat, and high-sugar foods and drinks.  A dietician or healthcare professional may be engaged to develop a customised plan.
  3. Engage in regular physical activity: Exercise regularly, aiming for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
  4. Get enough sleep: Aim for at least 7-8 hours of sleep per night, as lack of sleep can lead to weight gain.

It is important to approach weight loss in a safe and sustainable way, as rapid weight loss can have negative health consequences. Always consult with a healthcare professional before starting a new diet or exercise program.

Nutritional assessment

Nutritional assessment is a process of evaluating a person’s nutritional status to identify any nutritional deficiencies or excesses, and to develop a plan to address any issues identified. Nutritional assessment can be done through a combination of different methods, including:

  1. Dietary assessment: This involves evaluating a person’s dietary intake to determine if they are meeting their nutrient needs. This can be done through methods such as food diaries, food frequency questionnaires, or 24-hour dietary recalls.
  2. Anthropometric assessment: This involves measuring a person’s height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and other body composition parameters such as skinfold thickness, waist circumference, or bioelectrical impedance.
  3. Biochemical assessment: This involves measuring specific nutrients or biomarkers in blood, urine, or other bodily fluids to determine a person’s nutrient status.
  4. Clinical assessment: This involves evaluating physical signs and symptoms associated with nutrient deficiencies or excesses, such as dry skin or hair loss.
  5. Medical and lifestyle history: This includes gathering information about medical history, medications, and lifestyle factors such as smoking or alcohol use, which may affect a person’s nutritional status.

A comprehensive nutritional assessment can provide valuable information to develop an individualized nutrition plan tailored to a person’s specific needs and goals. It is recommended that individuals with nutritional concerns consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian to perform a nutritional assessment and develop an appropriate plan.

We are able to offer a comprehensive biochemical assessment for you without performing any teleconsultation with our doctors.  Our doctors can review the results with you and make recommendations or suggest treatment options.

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Hair & Skin

Hair loss, also known as alopecia, can have many causes, including genetic predisposition, hormonal changes, certain medications, medical conditions, and lifestyle factors.

Some of the most common causes of hair loss include:

  1. Genetics: Male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness are genetic conditions that can cause hair loss.
  2. Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes due to pregnancy, menopause, thyroid problems, and hormonal imbalances can also cause hair loss.
  3. Medical conditions: Medical conditions like scalp infections, autoimmune disorders, and alopecia areata can cause hair loss.
  4. Medications: Some medications used to treat cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, and high blood pressure can cause hair loss.
  5. Nutritional deficiencies: A diet lacking in protein, iron, and other essential nutrients can cause hair loss.
  6. Stress: Stress can cause temporary hair loss, especially if it is chronic.

Treatment for hair loss depends on the cause. In some cases, hair may grow back on its own without treatment. In other cases, medication, hair transplants, or other treatments may be necessary. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause of hair loss and the best course of treatment.

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Women’s Health

Women’s health refers to the physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing of women. It encompasses a range of issues, including reproductive health, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, and the prevention and treatment of illnesses and conditions that affect women.

Reproductive health is a key component of women’s health. It includes regular gynecological exams, Pap tests, and mammograms to detect any abnormalities or diseases early on. Women should also practice safe sex and use contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies and protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Menstruation is a normal bodily function that occurs in women of reproductive age. It’s important to maintain good hygiene practices during this time, such as changing tampons and pads regularly and practicing proper genital hygiene.

Pregnancy is a significant event in a woman’s life. It’s important for women to start taking prenatal vitamins and maintain a healthy lifestyle if they’re planning to conceive. Regular prenatal checkups and ultrasounds are necessary to ensure a healthy pregnancy. During pregnancy, women should also avoid certain foods and substances that may harm the fetus.

Menopause is a natural process that occurs when a woman’s menstrual cycle stops permanently. It can cause physical and emotional changes, such as hot flashes, mood swings, and sleep disturbances. Women can manage these symptoms with hormone therapy or other treatments.

In addition to these specific areas of women’s health, it’s important for women to prioritize their overall health and wellbeing. This includes maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine, managing stress, and getting enough sleep. Women should also schedule regular checkups with their healthcare provider to stay on top of any potential health issues.

It’s important to note that every woman’s body is unique, and what works for one woman may not work for another. Therefore, it’s important for women to consult a healthcare professional for personalized medical advice and treatment. By prioritizing their health and wellbeing, women can lead healthy, fulfilling lives.

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Men’s Health

Men’s health refers to the overall well-being and physical, mental, and emotional health of males. It encompasses a wide range of issues, including physical fitness, nutrition, mental health, sexual health, and disease prevention. It is essential for men to prioritize their health to maintain an active and fulfilling lifestyle.

Physical fitness is an important aspect of men’s health. Regular exercise, such as strength training, cardiovascular workouts, and flexibility exercises, can help men maintain a healthy weight, build muscle, and reduce their risk of chronic diseases. It is recommended that men engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week, or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise per week, to maintain optimal health.

Nutrition is also a crucial component of men’s health. A healthy diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can help men maintain a healthy weight, reduce their risk of chronic diseases, and improve their overall well-being. Men should limit their intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, sodium, and added sugars, which can increase their risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Mental health is equally important for men’s overall well-being. Mental health disorders, such as depression and anxiety, are common among men and can significantly impact their quality of life. Men should seek professional help if they experience symptoms of a mental health disorder, such as persistent sadness, irritability, or loss of interest in activities they once enjoyed.

Sexual health is another aspect of men’s health that should not be overlooked. Men should practice safe sex, get regular STI screenings, and talk to their healthcare provider about any concerns they have regarding their sexual health.

Preventive health measures, such as regular check-ups and screenings, can also help men maintain optimal health. Men should have regular physical exams, blood pressure checks, cholesterol screenings, and cancer screenings, depending on their age and risk factors.

In conclusion, men’s health is a complex issue that requires a multifaceted approach. By prioritizing physical fitness, nutrition, mental health, sexual health, and preventive health measures, men can maintain optimal health and live a fulfilling life. It is essential for men to take an active role in their health by seeking professional help when necessary, practicing safe sex, and making healthy lifestyle choices.

MAN-o-pause: What is Andropause, exactly?

Just as women face menopause, men face a similar situation where the production of sex hormones in our bodies naturally and gradually decreases with age. In men, such a condition is known as andropause.


For most of us, Andropause is a matter of “when” and not “if”. Andropause can begin in the fourth decade of life, affecting about 5% of men. Andropause then progresses to affect 30% in their 50s, and 45% of men in their 60s. This figure rises exponentially to 70% and 90% for men in their 70s and 80s, respectively.

Could I be going through Andropause?

The symptoms of Andropause become more severe over time.

Initially, when testosterone levels are low…

As Andropause progresses due to persistently low testosterone levels, the following physical symptoms manifest:

What you can do

Committing to lifestyle changes to control weight will help to improve the treatment of such chronic conditions, and slow the progress of Andropause.

Furthermore, maintaining good control of your chronic condition and weight will reduce the risks of heart conditions and stroke.

At the same time, see a doctor, who can then concentrate on managing your sexual health, addressing any signs of erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, or lack of libido. Your doctor may also recommend Testosterone Replacement Therapy to improve this condition.

How do I know if I have low testosterone level or hormonal imbalances?

The only way is to check through blood tests the various hormones that may be the cause of the various symptoms listed above. You should also consider consulting a doctor to understand further and what treatment options there are.

Erectile Dysfunction – When it Gets Harder To Get Hard ED

Erectile Dysfunction – When It Gets Harder To Get Hard

Once a taboo topic for men, Erectile dysfunction (ED) has received more attention as a prevalent and serious issue for men and their sexual partners since the 1990s. The emergence of more readily available and efficient treatment alternatives, particularly in primary healthcare provider settings, is causing an increase in the number of males seeking assistance.

According to studies, up to 20% of sexually active males experience erectile dysfunction. As men age up, this number gets higher, with as many as 86% of men who are 80 years of age or older having ED.

What causes erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is a complex disorder that can be influenced by several causes like:

ED is not life-threatening, but it can be an early sign of a more serious condition, like diabetes or heart disease. Worse still, ED can significantly affect a man’s quality of life, relationships, and sense of wellbeing.

Options for Treating Erectile Dysfunction

The first thing to do is to talk to your doctor if you suspect you may have erectile dysfunction. Due to advances in medical science, the number of safe and efficient treatments for erectile dysfunction has increased recently.

Before doing anything else, your doctor will have to understand the underlying cause of ED, factor in your age and consider any other existing diseases like heart problems or blood pressure issues.

Dealing with ED might be as simple as making some lifestyle adjustments, such as reducing alcohol consumption, quitting smoking, and losing weight. If any medicine is the cause of your erectile dysfunction, your doctor might advise you to cut back on the dosage or switch to another prescription.

Besides that, there are a whole host of medically-proven erectile dysfunction treatments like counseling, oral medicines, injectables, vacuum pumps, Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT), and surgery.

Medications Taken Orally

When it comes to oral medications for ED, PDE5 inhibitors have become the most common type of medication available. This class of medications is effective in more than 80% of patients, and work by increasing blood flow to penile tissue.

When taking such medication, possible side effects include headache, nasal stuffiness, flushing, and mild muscle ache.

If you have heart disease and are taking nitrates, it is likely that your doctor will advise you not to take them at the same time as this can cause a significant drop in blood pressure. It is also dangerous to combine PDE5 inhibitors and alkyl nitrites.

Finally, please be sure to notify your doctor of any other medications you are taking, including over-the-counter medications and herbal supplements before you continue with any PDE5 inhibitor prescription drugs.

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STD Test Singapore @ DTAP Clinic

Emergency Contraception

What Is Emergency Contraception?

Emergency oral contraception, also known as Plan B, is a safe and efficient medicine commonly used to prevent unexpected pregnancies.

Who should use emergency contraception?

The following situations are where you might be considering emergency contraception:

After unprotected sexual activity

In the event of potential contraception failure or inappropriate use, such as

Is Emergency Contraception a Good Option for Me? 

There will be a consultation with your doctor to determine if emergency contraception is appropriate for you. During this consultation, your doctor may ask you some questions to ensure that you are not currently pregnant.

If you have any other medical problems or are taking any long-term medications, please tell your doctor as some drugs may interact with or reduce the efficacy of oral emergency contraception.

Breastfeeding mothers can still use emergency oral contraception, but may have to discard breast milk for up to a week afterwards.

How do Emergency Contraception work?

Ovulation Delay or Prevention

Emergency contraception works by postponing or preventing ovulation, or the release of an egg.

What kinds of emergency contraception are there?

72 hours pills and the 120 hour pill are the most commonly available forms of oral emergency contraception in Singapore.

72 hour Pills 120 hour Pill
Timing Effective up to 72 hours from time of intercourse Effective up to 120 hours from time of intercourse
Doses 1 tablet as soon as possible and 1 tablet 12 hours later 1 tablet as soon as possible

How effective is emergency oral contraception?

When used properly, emergency oral contraception has a 95% or higher success rate. This success rate is influenced by how soon after intercourse it is used, with success rates ranging from 95% to 100%.

While oral emergency contraception has a high success rate, it is not completely foolproof. If your period is late, you should still perform a urine pregnancy test.

What are the possible side effects of Emergency Oral Contraception?

Nausea and vomiting are the most common side effects of emergency oral contraception. If vomiting occurs within 2-3 hours of taking the pill, a second dose may be necessary.

In addition to discomfort in the abdomen, emergency oral contraception can also cause alterations in a person’s menstrual cycle, such as spotting. Your period should still start a week after the anticipated date. A urine pregnancy test might be recommended if there was an unusual delay in menstruation, which could be a symptom of pregnancy.

How Often Should You Use Emergency Contraception?

It should not be used more than once per month or each menstrual cycle. Emergency contraception is not intended to be a long-term method of contraception, nor does it offer protection from STDs (STIs).

What other methods of birth control are available?

If you’ve had to use oral emergency contraception several times, you might want to think about the other more conventional methods of contraception. These might include both short-term, reversible forms of contraception like birth control pills and hormone patches or longer-term methods like implants and intrauterine devices (IUD).

IUDs are unique in the sense that they are both long-term and reversible in nature. The copper-bearing (IUD) last several years, and is one of the comparable contraceptive options available in addition to emergency oral contraception.

Premature Ejaculation – Can’t Stop When You Pop?

Premature Ejaculation – Can’t Stop When You Pop?

When a man ejaculates during sexual activity earlier than he or his partner would prefer, the condition is known as premature ejaculation (PE). Both the parties typically experience a mutual kind of stress from the sense that they might not have been fully satisfied. The good news is that this stress can be avoided, because we can now treat PE.

Premature Ejaculation – More common than you think!

You are not alone. In fact, the most typical sexual issue confronting males is premature ejaculation, with 1 in 3 men experiencing it.

So, why can’t you last longer in bed? There are 2 main reasons why you cannot last longer in bed:

Psychological factors tend to more play a more common role in many PE, while physical issues are rare. The most typical psychological elements include:

If we want to look at potential biological factors, they could be:

Is there a remedy for premature ejaculation?

If your premature ejaculation stems from psychological factors, we urge you to consult your doctor and work with him to find a solution to your issue. With help from professionals, therapy and effort, you can overcome PE and look forward to an even better sexual relationship with your spouse.

When Should I Get Help?

If you do not think that your PE stems from psychological factors, it is recommended that you visit a doctor to seek medical assistance. This is especially so if you experience any or all of the following:

Options for Premature Ejaculation Treatment

Premature ejaculation can be treated with behavioural techniques, topical creams, and oral medications.

It may take some time to treat Premature Ejaculation, so be patient and find the treatment that works best for you. For the best results, it is recommended that you combine behavioural techniques and medication.

Behavioural Methods

The following methods may help to postpone ejaculation:

Oral Medication

There is currently only one officially available medicine for the treatment of PE. At the same time, a doctor may prescribe erectile dysfunction medication if he thinks ED is the cause of your issue. Studies have shown that taking both medications together is extremely effective for treating premature ejaculation, even if you do not have erectile dysfunction. Doctors can also prescribe pain relievers, which can delay ejaculation.

These prescription medications are usually taken before intercourse.

STD Testing

STD Testing

Why the importance of regular STD testing?

If you engage in sexual activity of any kind, routine STD (sexually transmitted disease) testing is important, even if you use protection.

It is important to detect STDs through testing, as some STDs may not exhibit any symptoms or indicators. If either party engages in sexual activity with multiple partners, your risk of contracting an STD or STI (sexually transmitted infection) increases considerably. Additionally, the risk goes up if a person engages in risky sexual behaviors like unprotected sex, or if their sexual partner is known to have an STD. The only way to guarantee your health while leading an active and fulfilling sex life is regular and prompt STD testing.

In Singapore, STD testing is no longer taboo or difficult to discuss. When you get an STD test, your doctor will evaluate you based on your medical history and sexual activity. STD testing is a routine checkup that is performed in private, professional, and comfortable medical settings by kind, understanding medical professionals.

Symptoms of STDs and STIs

Although some STDs or STIs may not have any symptoms, various STDs may exhibit distinct symptoms. Additionally, some STDs only show symptoms late in the course of infection. If you are sexually active, STD testing is crucial to identify any underlying issues quickly.

STDs may cause a variety of symptoms, such as:

A thorough risk analysis, which includes STD testing, is advised for anyone who suspects that they have an STD. With quick STD testing for early detection available, a vast majority of STDs can be entirely cured.

Process of STD Testing in Quinn

Since every person is unique, it is crucial to be open and honest with your doctor while choosing the best course of action. At Quinn, our doctors believe in conducting our patient tele-consultations in a discrete, nonjudgmental, and open-minded manner.

Before recommending the appropriate STD test, the doctor will begin by evaluating your medical history, risk factors, and background(s).

However, if you prefer to do self-testing for STDs, we also offer STD screening kits based on the tests you would like to do. These will be delivered to you with a simple instruction leaflet included in each kit. Those instructions help you make sure that your self-test is conducted safely, and accurately.

If an STD test requires blood samples, a certified phlebotomist will take your blood at our partner DTAP Express clinic. If you need to give a urine or swab sample, the in-clinic staff will also provide you with the necessary self-test kit.

All results from self-testing will be reviewed by our doctors at Quinn before being sent to you via email. If our doctors believe that follow-up is required, you will be notified via email at the same time.

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Obesity and Weight management

Obesity and Weight management

How widespread is it?

We know obesity is a problem, but how common is it? According to research data from a 2017 Ministry of Health (MOH) study, 36.2% of Singaporeans aged 18 to 69 were overweight. 13% of school-age children were also overweight. The WHO also found that Singapore has the second highest overweight prevalence in South East Asia.

A number of diseases have obesity as a major contributing factor.

Obesity is a national health problem. According to the Singapore Burden of Disorders survey, diseases associated with obesity had the most negative effects on health in terms of pain and expense. The national illness burden of diabetes is also mostly caused by obesity. Obesity can negatively impact your self-esteem and body image in social situations, which can lead to psychological stress.

Obesity and being overweight is also a major reason for the metabolic syndrome. This sydrome is a collection of illnesses with obesity as a major contributing factor. This cavalcade of diseases include diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. As a result of these chronic ailments, people get illnesses like ischemic heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.

Obesity and being overweight is also linked to additional illnesses like obstructive sleep apnea, joint issues, gallstones, and gallbladder infections.

How do I know if I am overweight or obese?

The BMI is a simple point of reference we use to determine if someone is underweight, within normal range, overweight or obese. The BMI is easily calculated using the following formula:

BMI = Body Mass Index (height x height [in meters])

According to the World Health Organization, the numerical result of the formula corresponds with the following categorisations:

However, Asian populations tend to be smaller, so we should use this scale:

While this is not a perfect indicator of obesity, it does provide your doctor with a good idea of your weight in relation to your height.


The ins and outs

Weight gain and loss can be explained using the idea of caloric balance (intake vs. output). If you expend more energy than you take in from food, you will lose weight. Conversely, if you take in more energy than you burn, you will gain weight.

As a guide, by burning about 500 more calories than you consume each day, you will lose approximately 2 kg in a month. To optimise weight loss in a healthy way, limit your caloric intake and adopt a better nutritional quality in your diet. On top of that, you should also increase your physical activity and energy expenditure to further raise your caloric deficit.

What will happen when I consult my doctor for weight loss?

Your doctor will ask you about your past medical history, food habits, and level of activity. After that, blood tests for thyroid function, blood sugar, and cholesterol may be ordered by your doctor. This is crucial since gaining weight could indicate a medical condition. Your doctor may also measure your waist, neck, arm, and fat folds, among other things. Additionally, your doctor will check your vital indicators, such as blood pressure and heart rate.

Weight Management

Obesity treatment must be handled from several directions at once, and the patient’s willpower and resolve are essential for success.

The best and most natural approach to lose weight is to alter your food, eating habits, and lifestyle while also engaging in regular physical activity. Your doctor will collaborate with you to develop a nutrition and exercise plan. If necessary, your doctor might also suggest using certain drugs.

Different Types of Weight Loss Drugs

It is crucial to keep in mind that drugs are supplements to your weight loss program and not intended to be taken as a stand-alone magical tablet.

That said, here are a few of the medications we may take:


Orlistat prevents the body from absorbing fat. Your energy intake falls as a result of the fat remaining in your gut rather than being absorbed into the bloodstream. Although the gastrointestinal side effects of this medication—oily stools, diarrhea, gas, and increased bowel movements—can be bothersome for some people, Orlistat is generally very safe.


Duromine works by reducing hunger and speeding up your metabolism. It has a unique set of adverse effects like heart palpitations, sleeplessness, hypertension, anxiety, dry mouth, and nausea. Duromine might also make some people’s gastrointestinal pains worse. Some patients may also build up a resistance to it over time, which makes the treatment less effective or cease working altogether. Some patients with pre-existing medical issues may not be able to take this medication.

Monitoring your weight loss journey

Your doctor will set up routine follow-up appointments to monitor your weight loss, physical health, and any adverse side effects from your prescription. Additional blood tests may also be ordered as required.

Speak with one of our doctors right away to get started on your path to a successful, long-lasting weight loss!

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Understanding the Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill

Understanding the Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill

What is the combined oral contraceptive pill?

The combined oral contraceptive pill, also known as the birth control pill, is a daily pill that contains two synthetic types of hormones: estrogen and progesterone. When taken in the proper dosage and with the correct intervals, the combined oral contraceptive pill can help you to prevent unplanned pregnancies.

There are several brands on the market. Each one is slightly different in terms of the type of synthetic estrogen or progesterone they contain, but all of them work equally well to prevent pregnancy.

How does this pill work?

The pill works by preventing the biological function of ovulation from occurring through the introduction of hormones.

When you are on the combined oral contraceptive pill, you stop releasing an eggs from your ovaries. Additionally, your cervical mucus thickens, which makes it harder for any sperm to enter your uterus. Finally, your uterine lining will be thinner, which will make implantation of any egg more difficult.

All factors considered, the combined oral contraceptive pill can prevent conception up to 99% of the time if used correctly and consistently.

Who should take the combined oral contraceptive pill?

Most females seeking a temporary barrier-free contraceptive method can consider using the combined oral contraceptive pill. However, suitability can change with certain medical conditions.

Taking the combined oral contraceptive pills may actually be beneficial or women with medical conditions like severe menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), thick menstrual flow (menorrhagia), acne problems, or premenstrual syndrome symptoms.

The converse is true if you have pre-existing medical illnesses like poorly controlled high blood pressure, migraines with aura, breast or hormone-related malignancies, liver or gallbladder issues, blood clots (thrombosis), or a family history of thrombotic tendencies. Additionally, this pill is not recommended for smokers, especially those over 35.

You may want to check with your doctor if you are taking any regular, long-term drugs because some medications may interfere with the combined oral contraceptive pill and reduce its effectiveness.

What are advantages and disadvantages of using the combined oral contraceptive pill?



What are the possible side effects of taking the oral combination contraceptive pill?

What may I anticipate after taking the medication?

With a few exceptions, most combined oral contraceptive pills sold in Singapore are monophasic 21-day pills. This implies that you take hormonal pills for 21 days in a row, then skip medication for 7 days (some brands may come with 7 placebo pills which do not contain any hormones). This is done in an effort to replicate the menstrual cycle.

You should try to take the pill every day at the same time. If you miss a dose, consult your doctor immediately because the best course of action will depend on where you are in your cycle.

When should I start taking the pill?

You will avoid an unintended pregnancy if you begin on the first day of your menstrual cycle and will not require further barrier protection. However, you should use additional barrier protection for a week before you can have unprotected intercourse without risk if you start throughout the rest of your menstrual cycle, especially if it is after Day 5.

While taking the combined oral contraceptive pill, would I still have periods?

Your period will still happen, but it will probably be lighter than usual. Additionally, the pill will help with symptoms of unpleasant menstrual cycles (dysmenorrhea), which is a natural condition.

The pills can be taken constantly without a pill-free interval for longer than a month if you wish to avoid monthly periods, whether due to an underlying medical condition as recommended by your doctor or for personal convenience. Before embarking on this journey, you should discuss this with your doctor as well.

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